Thursday, March 27, 2014

The Diverse Nature of Psychology by Paulo Guimaraes

      The diverse nature of psychology

Psychology, as a science, is still fairly new to the world. Major, structured concepts did not begin surfacing until the 1900s. However, the roots of the process of mind and body study can be traced back to the ancient Greek Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. The study, processing, and teaching of the mind evolved through the ages, and grew through adaptation of other areas of study for a more diverse incarnation. Further down the ages, psychology eventually had many diverse interpretations of mind and body symbiosis, intermingled with the outer world, thus evolving the science further and impressing that concept. To begin, an understanding of the diversity of psychology must be explained.

                   The influence of diversity on psychology’s major concepts

Throughout the evolution of psychology, there has been some borrowing from other sciences and areas of study for a full and diverse creation. For example, looking at the area of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud believed that dreams were a window into the subconscious world, allowing presentation of factors causing a disorder in an individual. This idea borrows from Native American shamans using herbs and beverages to cause a dream-like state and capture glimpses into the future; also the concept of the oracle at Delphi, where the oracle would ingest substances to interpret questions and provide answers. 

In the area of biopsychology, the study was the brain’s part in forming symptoms in a disorder and how each worked in parallel. Biopsychology borrows from the study of the human body and how each organ causes the body to remain in a state of equilibrium. For psychology that organ is the brain, and as the brain controls the functionality of the organs of the body, so does it cause destruction to the ”normal” processes as is known and understood. 

The process of research and development of treatment borrows from the scientific method used in all sciences such as physics, medicine, or computers. Psychology, as the other sciences, relies on a hypothesis about a subject of study and why it presents as it does. A hypothesis must be proven, through the use of testing methods to extract the information needed and methods to interpret the new information for a creation of treatment. Psychology evolved more as adaptation lead to further creation of sub-disciplines with particular concepts, in an attempt to further growth in psychology. 

                              Sub-disciplines and subtopics in psychology

One sub-discipline of psychology is developmental psychology. Developmental psychology is the study of how mankind grows throughout one’s lifetime ("Developmental Psychology,” 2008-2012). Development from infancy up to a decline during old age, forms and transforms as an individual is exposed to different ideas, objects, people, situations, and environment ("Developmental Psychology,” 2008-2012).  Each influences what the person becomes and how he or she ends in life. A topic that developmental psychology covers is childhood development. The effect of development at the early stages of life and its challenges, make up the adult of the future. Certain processes during infancy, such as grasping objects or the ability to cry must be functioning at an optimal level for the child to develop properly in later years, when communication and physical movement is needed more. I think with the development of more technological items, children will need those fine motor skills to compete even more so with peers. Hand-eye coordination will have to be developed properly to type fast and dexterously. 

Another sub-discipline of psychology is social psychology. Social psychology focuses on how an individual’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by other people; also how individuals interact with others ("What Is Social Psychology?,” 2008-2012). One topic that social psychology is concerned with is the idea of social graces at parties, work, or in other areas outside the home. Individuals have strong emotions surrounding how one presents themselves around others. There must be an appearance of strength, knowledge, and interest, when one engages in conversation or other social interactions with a friend or family member. If the individual does something wrong, he and she may become embarrassed and be ridiculed by others, or believe rage against the self. This effect of social scarring can cause physical problems in an individual. Possibly the individual, when asked to go to a party in the future, they start to think stomach pains or start shaking. These physical ailments can be caused by psychological symptoms of an anxiety disorder, stemming from the past social disaster experienced. Social anxiety can cause a person to lose friends or even a significant other, if there is no desire to leave home because of embarrassment. The individual loses the ability to socialize, receive help, or trust anyone without treatment. 
                                  My psychological contribution to society

My biggest achievement, that no one knows except my mom and my self, was that I could get a mildly retarded aged gentleman, to remember my name every time he saw me. I used to work in a group home with 14 gentlemen that were mentally and physically disabled. One gentleman who was about 70, whom I liked a lot would  never remember my name when I saw him I would bring him comics and gamer magazines because he liked to look at the pictures. Each time I saw him, I would ask him what my name was, which he would not know, so I told him. One day I asked him, and he told me my name. I was happy that I could get him to remember my name despite of his disability and age. In the area of education, I can only say that I have passed on and still pass on, my knowledge to my daughter so she may learn. In the area of health, I have only contributed by keeping myself healthy through exercise. Finally, in the area of leisure, I have nothing to report.

                                                     Conclusion

Psychology is very diverse in the way the basic up to major concepts developed through adaptation of other sciences and aspects of society. Over the ages, psychology branched off into other areas of focus to fully understand the human being. Psychologist studied the brain and how it influenced symptoms of disorders and the disorders themselves. Also study focused on how the environment influenced an individual to develop disorders. As these new branches developed, there was influence given to the very sciences that psychology adapted. As individuals, we can contribute to society in subtle ways that may be beyond our understanding. 















                                                 References
Developmental psychology. (2008-2012). Retrieved from http://www.freud-sigmund.com/developmental-psychology 

What is social psychology?. (2008-2012). Retrieved from http://www.freud-sigmund.com/social-psychology 

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